WOMEN will cry 4,680 times over their adult lifetime – more than twice as much as men, a study has found.
Sad TV shows or books, tiredness and arguments with their partner mean the average woman will cry six times a month – or 72 times a year.
In comparison, blokes will shed a tear just three times a month.
But the study, by the makers of eye drop Hycosan Fresh, found men are LESS embarrassed about crying in front of others, with four in ten claiming they wouldn’t be bothered about shedding a tear in public compared to just a third of women.
Psychologist Emma Kenny said: “While women are stereotypically associated with crying, the results of this study actually show that men are now feeling that it’s acceptable to show their emotions and feel crying is acceptable.
“While it is often suggested that women cry without issue, the results actually suggest that women feel embarrassed when they let their emotions show.”
A spokesperson for Hycosan Fresh, added, said “For many of us, crying is simply a healthy way of expressing our emotions, but for some, there can be a more serious reason for their watery eyes.
“Dry Eye Disease can affect many of us and leave us shedding tears for all the wrong reasons.”
The study of 2,000 adults found 51 per cent of women admit to being a big crier – crying often or at little things.
But far from shying away from it, three in ten men are also happy to admit they often shed a tear.
A sad TV show, movie or book is most likely to leave women watery-eyed while men tear up at sad moments or memories.
Other reasons for crying include funerals, grief, and anxiety.
But women are more likely to cry happy tears, with 40 per cent admitting to shedding a tear for a good reason, something just 24 per cent of men do.
And while 64 per cent of women admit to crying for no reason, just three in ten blokes can say the same.
The study also found an emotional 44 per cent of men have cried in public, along with a huge 80 per cent of women.
Crying in front of work colleagues would leave Brits feeling most embarrassed, followed by their boss, strangers and acquaintances.
But almost one in ten admit they would be left red-faced if they shed a tear in front of their own partner.
Researchers also found 64 per cent of people believe their eyes are crucial when it comes to expressing how they feel.
However, watery and red eyes don’t always point to crying, with a quarter of people admitting they are often left with teary eyes after looking at a computer screen for too long.
One in four suffer the odd tear thanks to air conditioning while 38 per cent are left with streaming eyes due to hayfever.
Others say they have watery eyes because of cold weather, when chopping onions and due to tiredness.
Optometrist Niall O’Kane said: “Dry eye disease is becoming increasingly common due to our modern lifestyles and reliance on computers and screens.
“It’s caused by concentration and not blinking as often as we should, which causes dry spots to form on the surface of our eyes.
Symptoms include irritation, redness and watery eyes. Ensuring you’re using a preservative-free eye drop like Hycosan Fresh (£8.99 from opticians and pharmacies) is key to healthy, comfortable eyes.
If you’re experiencing more moderate to severe symptoms, then it’s important to see your optometrist for a ‘Tear Clinic’ appointment, where your symptoms can be assessed and you can be advised on the best treatment plan and prevent potential future problems.”
New specialist Tear Clinics are now being set up to address this growing issue which in severe cases can lead to scarring of the front surface of the eye if left unmanaged.
Tear Clinics will be available at optometry practices around the UK to help diagnose and manage dry eye disease, with tailored treatment plans to help relieve symptoms and prevent potential future problems. For more information on Dry Eye Disease and to find your nearest Tear Clinic, visit www.TearClinic.com
most read in UK news
We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online news team? Email us at email@example.com or call 0207 782 4368
When was the Black Death, what are bubonic plague symptoms and what has happened in Madagascar?
THE Black Death, one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, reduced entire civilisations to their knees during the last major outbreak. Earlier this year it was confirmed the plague has hit America, and an ongoing outbreak in Madagascar has left 100 dead. Here’s the lowdown. What is plague? Plague is an infectious disease […]
THE Black Death, one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, reduced entire civilisations to their knees during the last major outbreak.
What is plague?
Plague is an infectious disease caused by bacteria usually found in small mammals and their fleas.
It has an extremely high fatality rate and is very infectious, although it can be treated by antibiotics if it’s caught early.
There are three forms of plague infection: pneumoic plague, septicaemic plague and bubonic plague, the most common form.
Bubonic plague was known as the Black Death in medieval Europe, where an outbreak brought entire civilisations to their knees and decimated the world’s population.
Black Death is spread through the bite of infected fleas, whereas pneumonic plague, the most contagious form, develops after a bubonic infection.
Pneumonic infections can then be spread through the air, while septicaemic plague occurs when infection spreads through the bloodstream.
When was the Black Death?
The Black Death, a widespread bubonic plague infection, peaked in Europe between 1346 and 1353.
It was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, leaving an estimated 75 – 200 million people dead in Eurasia.
This fatality rate represents a staggering 30-60 per cent of the European population at the time.
After the plague, society experienced a series of marked changes, including a rise in religious fanaticism.
Lacking the medical knowledge to understand the pandemic, some groups blamed Jews and lepers for the outbreak – resulting in mass killings throughout Europe.
It took around 300 years for global populations to return to pre-plague levels after the outbreak.
What are plague symptoms?
The World Health Organisation describes plague symptoms as “flu like”, with one to seven days between incubation and the symptoms emerging.
Sufferers are likely to have painful lymph nodes, chills, fever, headaches, weakness and fatigue.
In bubonic sufferers, these inflamed lymph nodes may end up turning into pus-filled open sores.
Bubonic plague is fatal in 30-60 per cent of cases, while the pneumonic kind is always fatal, if left untreated.
How is plague spread?
The three different types of plague all refer to different ways the disease can be spread.
In bubonic infections, plague-causing bacteria can be transmitted between animals and fleas, with infected fleas then passing the disease on to people through bites.
Infected people may then develop pneumonic plague once their bubonic infection becomes advanced.
Lung-based pneumonic plague can then sometimes be transmitted through the air between sufferers.
Following a pneumonic or bubonic infection, people can then develop septicaemic plague, which occurs when the infection spreads through the bloodstream.
What has happened in Madagascar?
Health officials have warned that “no one is safe” from a deadly outbreak of Black Death on the holiday island of Madagascar.
They say the disease has now become much more contagious because it is now being transmitted from person-to-person through the air – as well as from animals to humans through infected flea bites.
The death toll has reached at least 100, with the UK Government warning British tourists to stay away from plague-hit areas.
While cases of bubonic plague occur in Madagascar nearly every year, this years epidemic is “much more dangerous”, according to one expert.
The World Health Organisation said that this year, plague arrived earlier than expected, and the infection is also spreading in urban centres and in areas that until now had not been affected.
Most read in Health
FALSE HOPEMum whose baby was stillborn calls for home heart monitors to be BANNED after convincing herself she could hear her dead baby's heartbeat
'YOU'RE NEVER TOO YOUNG'New mum who blamed boob lump on pregnancy left shocked at breast cancer diagnosis at just 26
KNOW THE SIGNSWhat are the red flag signs of bowel cancer, how common is it, what are the risks and can it be treated?
MIND OVER MATTERWhat are the symptoms of anxiety, how can it be treated and who else suffers? From Zayn Malik to Will Young
Dying to know?Here's how long you probably have left before you die... according to life expectancy experts
Journalist gives up soap and deodorant for 10 DAYS to see if anyone notices… with VERY surprising results
DOES it really matter how often you wash? Some experts believe that the personal-care industry is unnecessarily rinsing the British public of their hard-earned cashed. To put this to the test, Helen Rumbelow reveals all about what happened when she ditched soap for 10 days… Here’s one way to find out who your friends are: […]
DOES it really matter how often you wash? Some experts believe that the personal-care industry is unnecessarily rinsing the British public of their hard-earned cashed.
To put this to the test, Helen Rumbelow reveals all about what happened when she ditched soap for 10 days…
Here’s one way to find out who your friends are: give up soap and deodorant and ask for help to monitor how bad you smell.
Even my partner refuses: “Is there any hope we can keep the magic alive?” he asks as I attempt to cover his face with my armpit.
But my children, whose love is mammalian and humour is gross-out, comply.
We get into a routine: my arms outstretched as if for a hug, but instead they tuck their little noses into my darkest recesses and snuffle. This feels, somehow, like it once used to.
That’s no coincidence. For I am not just neglecting my personal hygiene, like those earnest people you meet, usually in Stroud, who tell you their bodies are “self-regulating” and you nod and think, “Yeah, but you reek of hamster.”
I am conducting an experiment at the vanguard of dermatological research.
Twice a day I spray on live bacteria. Live bacteria that has been cultivated from soil. I am literally covering myself in dirt to get clean.
It sounds crazy, but is it crazier than, say, our multibillion personal-care industry being an expensive way of killing off the very bacteria that would do a better job?
‘Welcome to the future!’ I say to my family. They say I smell of ‘puddles’.Helen Rumbelow
Day one: I put my trusty deodorant in the bin. I’ve been dependent since I was 12 years old, and to keep it would be too tempting.
Instead I stand in my pants next to the fridge door and spray my pits from a chilled bottle labelled “Mother Dirt”.
It is indistinguishable from water, yet costs £30. “Welcome to the future!” I say to my family. They say I smell of “puddles”.
Like so many great body-odour stories, this began with a first date. It was 14 years ago, and David Whitlock, an American chemical engineer trained at MIT, was out at dinner with a woman who kept horses.
Why, she asked him, did her horses roll in the dirt? He mumbled about rubbing off bugs, but she wasn’t impressed.
The date was going nowhere and Whitlock went back to his lab. Why did so many mammals roll in dirt? It must play an evolutionary role in their health.
He zeroed in on a bacteria found in soil and streams: Nitrosomonas eutropha (known as N eutropha). He scraped some off the floor of a stable in Boston. It feeds on ammonia (which is found in sweat) and turns it into nitric oxide.
Nitric oxide was crowned “molecule of the year” in 1992 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Why? It has a role in alleviating depression, lowering blood pressure and regulating sleep.
But its relevance for Whitlock was that it is an anti-inflammatory. He was excited. Could N eutropha gobble up your stink and turn it into a balm for your body?
He dumped a bucket of the stuff on himself. “I may be crazy,” he likes to say, “but I’m not stupid.”
Whitlock has not had a shower or used soap other than on his hands since. He relies on N eutropha misting.
It is no surprise that primates and remote human tribes have a 40 per cent more diverse skin microbiome than we soap freaks.
However, acne, eczema and psoriasis are also practically unknown in hunter-gatherer humans, while in the west they are sharply on the rise.
Why? Medics used to think we had to get rid of the bacteria causing skin conditions.
Now they have begun to think about reintroducing the bacteria that prevent them. Dermatology journals are fizzing with early success stories.
Richard Gallo at the University of California found that eczema was triggered by a deficiency of a certain strain of bacteria.
It was rectified when he dosed patients with a lotion containing boosted amounts of the live bacteria — a kind of skin-bacteria transplant.
The same goes for acne: we all have acne bacteria on our skin and it is thought that spots flare due to a bacterial battle we little understand.
Day three: it is not a smell that’s the problem, it’s the paranoia. I don’t stink. One spray of the mist seems to convert my funk into a sort of rainy freshness. But I can’t trust this voodoo to keep working.
It’s hard not to keep my arms pinned to my sides, like a 14-year-old in co-ed PE.
I have a jog, a sweaty commute and an interview with Anne Robinson.
We all know we can trust Anne to mention it. Her nose gets close as we say goodbye, but it doesn’t wrinkle a bit.
In the wild, humans would be bathing in muddy water, sitting in soil and enjoying daily inoculations of N eutropha. Whitlock devised a spray to replicate this.
He called it Mother Dirt and founded a company, AO Biome, to set up clinical trials on the N eutrophaspray.
The trials are in phase two with regard to acne and high blood pressure. The spray’s efficacy must be proven before the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves it as a medical treatment.
The FDA had to create a category for the live topical.
Meanwhile, the spray is available as a cosmetic product.
Mother Dirt is run by Jasmina Aganovic, a 30-year-old chemical engineer who trained at MIT. She says they shift tens of thousands of mist bottles a year in America and are about to launch it in the UK.
Most customers are aged from 25 to 35, and half, she estimates, are from the “Paleo” community, which tries to replicate ancestral lifestyles.
Yet the other half, she says, are those so at their wits’ end with skin problems that they will try anything. “They’re confused. They’ve done everything they have been told. We seem to be cleaner than ever, yet have more problems than ever.”
There is much talk of the gut microbiome and how it affects obesity and immunity, but no one thinks much about skin, which also teems with bacteria.
The same person who smugly eats yoghurt for her gut has probably slaughtered her skin microbiome 20 times before breakfast.
That’s the problem for Mother Dirt (slogan: “I used to be addicted to soap, I’m clean now”).
Base-level hygiene for most westerners is kryptonite to N eutropha.
Everyone from the company stresses that they wash their hands with soap to stop communicable disease. There is no medical need, however, to soap anywhere above the wrist. Yet we do.
And soap kills N eutropha. So does sodium lauryl sulfate, a lathering ingredient in almost every shampoo and body wash, which is an antimicrobial.
Not only that, but almost every personal-care product, from foundation to moisturiser, contains preservatives. These are designed to stop bacterial growth.
As for deodorant, Aganovic says they have never found a “biome-friendly” one. Put like that, my bathroom cabinet seems to be crammed with the cosmetic equivalent of junk food.
We should think about our skin biome as an unexplored rainforest. There is an utterly serious scientific endeavour called Belly Button Biodiversity in which scientists swabbed 500 navels and found 2,368 different bacterial species.
It estimated that more than half were new to science. Each person had an average of 67 in their belly button.
In that light, modern body care is nuking the rainforest: who knows what endangered bugs you are washing down the plughole?
Aganovic knew that 21st-century customers wouldn’t give it all up to roll in the dirt, so she has come up with an alternative cleanser and moisturiser that seems to be rosewater and coconut oil.
It’s fine, but for the last three days of my ten-day experiment I up the ante: I stop showering or cleansing and rely on the mist alone. (Aganovic doesn’t recommend this; she showers and mists daily.)
It’s not the smell – it’s the paranoiaHelen Rumbelow
My grandmother used to say “horses sweat, men perspire, ladies gently glow”. Sorry, grandma, but I glow like a bloody horse.
Yet without washing at all, my much-sampled body odour isn’t as rank as it would be otherwise.
When I am overdue a misting, it’s more, reported my (very) good friend, like a “faint top note of chardonnay left in the sun”.
One Mother Dirt user said her altered odour reminded her of a waft of “pleasant pot”. A few minutes after misting, my faint smell vanishes.
Aganovic says that about half of users find they can give up deodorant, as she does: they have no idea why people differ.
For them odour is less the point than helping skin conditions.
There is much continuing research into this, but only one small double-blind study has been finished; in it the N eutropha group said their skin felt better.
The only independent studies of N eutropha are being conducted by Raja Sivamani, a professor of dermatology at the University of California.
What is Mother Dirt?
- Mother Dirt creates products that “enhance and protect the skin biome”
- The brand’s spray replicates how human’s would wash themselves if living in the wild
- Their official website claims: “We believe restoring and maintaining beneficial bacteria is the answer to healthy skin and a great first step to a healthier lifestyle
- More research is in the pipeline to see if this method scientifically works
Sivamani asked one group of volunteers to spray Mother Dirt on their skin, while another group sprayed water, then he studied markers for inflammation. His data will not be ready to publish for a few months.
“We can see that N eutropha appears safe, but the jury is still out on how it works and what it does,” Sivamani said. “We did see a shift . . . Maybe some of the inflammatory agents were reduced, but those results were preliminary. This science is very early.”
Other scientists are being cautious too.
I speak to Carsten Flohr, the head of research and development at St John’s Institute of Dermatology, Guy’s and St Thomas’s NHS Foundation Trust in London. “It sounds nice, but they have a product to sell,” Flohr says.
Yet he remains open-minded, especially when I tell him about my armpit miracle. “The fact that there is little evidence so far doesn’t mean it doesn’t do something.”
I can only say that I liked this experiment. I felt fresh.Helen Rumbelow
In fact, Flohr’s research is pushing at the horizon of this new field.
There is good evidence that there is an important window in infancy for establishing a healthy gut microflora, and this may be the case be for the skin. Heed this, all you over-washers of children!
He also has studied how irritating sodium lauryl sulfate can be for the skin.
But, I say, I now know they are in almost every bathroom product. Should we be avoiding it? “Not everybody, but certainly those with eczema and dry skin.”
Hmm. I can only say that I liked this experiment. I felt fresh.
The Mother Dirt bottle is expensive, so I won’t carry on, but I will try to be a better host to my bacteria.
I knew I was converted when I was involved in a kid’s bathtime and some bubbles got on to my face.
I dashed to towel them off like the soap was some deadly poison.
Which to my new friend N eutropha, and God knows how many of his relatives that have come to stay at mine, it is.
More on cleanliness
TAKE NOTEYou DON'T need to wash your hands as often as you think - expert reveals when it's vital and when not to bother
Busted!How often should you wash your bras? Mum sparks outrage after admitting she only washes them once a MONTH
TIME TO POOH-POOH SHAMPOO?Three Sun writers join the shampoo debate and reveal how often they wash their hair
Boy, 3, fights for his life in hospital as dad warns parents about danger signs of ‘barking cough’ croup
A DAD is warning parents to look out for croup as his son lies in hospital fighting for his life. Little Reuben Humphreys, three, is in intensive care at Newcastle’s Royal Victoria Infirmary after a simple cough severely deteriorated. Now his dad Owen Humphreys, from Whitley Bay, Tyne and Wear, is urging parents to be […]
A DAD is warning parents to look out for croup as his son lies in hospital fighting for his life.
Little Reuben Humphreys, three, is in intensive care at Newcastle’s Royal Victoria Infirmary after a simple cough severely deteriorated.
Now his dad Owen Humphreys, from Whitley Bay, Tyne and Wear, is urging parents to be aware of croup – a condition which hits the windpipe, airway and lungs.
Just days before Reuben had been on a family holiday to the Lake District with Owen and mum Stephanie Koch.
Owen told the Newcastle Chronicle: “Within 24 hours he went from a happy little boy running around on holiday to being in intensive care.
“I’m a dad and I had never even heard of croup.”
THE DANGERS OF CROUP
Croup is a childhood condition that affects the windpipe (trachea), the airways to the lungs (the bronchi) and the voice box (larynx).
Croup can usually be diagnosed by a GP and treated at home.
However, if your child’s symptoms are severe and they are finding it difficult to breathe, take them to the nearest hospital’s accident and emergency (A&E) department.
Commonly, croup is caused by a virus. Several viruses can cause croup but in most cases it is the parainfluenza virus.
Croup usually affects young children aged between six months and three years, with most cases occurring in one-year-olds.
However, croup can sometimes develop in babies as young as three months, and older children up to 15 years of age. Adults can also get croup but this is rare.
The condition is more common during the late autumn and early winter months.
It tends to affect more boys than girls.
A child may experience croup more than once during childhood.
Children with croup have a distinctive barking cough and will make a harsh sound, known as stridor, when they breathe in.
They may also have a hoarse voice and find it difficult to breathe because their airway is blocked.
The tot struggled to talk on the way home and the day had a “barking” cough.
His parents took the young Newcastle United fan to a walk-in centre when he took a turn for the worse and he was rushed to hospital.
Luckily, Reuben is now showing signs of improvement.
The Chronicle reports there have been a number of cases of croup in the region.
most read in uk news
We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online news team? Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 0207 782 4368
Christmas 20174 weeks ago
John Lewis has unveiled the top 10 toys for Christmas 2017… and they could just break the bank
News1 month ago
ISIS fanatic German girl, 16, may still face execution in Iraq as PM warns ‘teens are still accountable for killing innocent people’
Bizarre3 weeks ago
Bromans star Brandon Myers challenges Love Island’s Chris Hughes to penis competition saying his nine-and-a-half member is bigger
Celebrity1 month ago
Who is Nermina Pieters-Mekic? New star of Real Housewives of Cheshire and wife of Stoke City ace Erik
Boxing4 weeks ago
Boxing legend Frank Bruno, 55, forced to sell luxury house after travellers next door ‘tap into his water supply’
Money1 month ago
We reveal our guide to organising a kids birthday bash without busting your budget — plus, get a free fiver from our rewards club
News1 month ago
Pablo Escobar’s ex-hitman brother claims HE owns the rights to the word ‘Narcos’ – as he warns producers to hire his former henchmen as security
Bizarre1 month ago
Robbie Williams is extremely unlikely to join Take That for their 25th anniversary tour after he is plagued by ‘mystery illness’ and conflicting schedules